Resistance

Following World War II, the communists forced a new ideological-political system on Hungary. In reply resistance movements were organized in our fatherland with the participation of representatives from all social strata. The three monitors in the hall display the reminiscences of survivors, who took part in the resistance movements of 1945-1956. Copies of contemporary propaganda leaflets can be seen on the tables.

The Soviet invaders instituted a new system in which no room was left for the old values and morals: a Soviet world for Sovietized people. It was alien and unacceptable for the vast majority of the Hungarian population. They persecuted religion; the leaders of the party, Stalin and Rákosi, replaced God and everyone had to worship them.  Patriotism was forbidden; they expected Hungarian people to identify themselves with the goals and interests of the Soviet Union. The Soviets created opposition between family members and they obliged people to turn in any family member or relative. Indeed, the Soviet child who requested the death penalty from the party for his own ˝saboteur˝ father was held up as a model. And, finally, those who refused to accept all that were crushed by the terror machine (ÁVO), that spread its web everywhere, controlled everything and harassed everyone. The system was operated by terror and fear.

The resistance against Communist dictatorship spread to every level of the society. Many risked certain death when they undertook the printing of handbills or armed resistance. There were some people who collected and concealed weapons from the Second World War and were prepared to fight for freedom when the occasion would arise. Even in case of being pardoned, they could expect life in prison. In ten years, between 1945 and 1956, in more than 50 cases, approximately 1500 people went before the court for plotting against the state. Among them were  children between the ages of 15 and 16, who had painted ˝Hang Rákosi!˝ and ˝Death to the Communists!˝ on the cement of Balatonfűzfő, students who organized sabotage actions throughout the country, as well peasants who refused to deliver the correct food quotas to the regime. 

The Hungarian Resistance Movement was operational  for four years in Békéssámson. Their most famous handbill was distributed all over the country: ˝The Hungarian plain is in pain, since the Soviet boots took root. ÁVO squealers, we are watching you!˝ There were more than twenty of them.

Two of their members were executed, the others went to prison for extended terms. In and around Farkasfa, the smallest village in Vas region, the ÁVO arrested 80 ordinary people for helping others to immigrate. Of these, two were beaten to death during their interrogations, seven including one woman were executed, the rest were sent to prison for extended periods.

To name some examples of important cases, there was the case of the ˝Tattered Guard˝ (28 accused), the ˝Anti-Bolshevik Hungarian Resistance Movement˝ (19 accused), the ˝White Guard from Zala˝ (86 accused), the ˝Sword and Cross Movement˝ (28 accused), the resistance movements of Pálossszentkút, Kesztölc, and Baja (76 accused), as well as military resistance organizations: the Community of Fellow Hungarian Fighters (MHBK) (36 accused) and Colonel Pál Hadváry and his associates (5 accused).

Resistance was organized throughout the country among all groups and social levels. Since Communists closed their schools, arrested their teachers and intimidated their parents, students joined the resistance. Military officers who could not accept that Hungary would become a follower of the Soviet regime, workers who fought for their rights, peasants who were persecuted as kulaks, who were forced to follow delivery quotas and had to watch the ÁVO ˝sweep their attics˝ also joined the resistance.  Professors, teachers, lawyers and doctors who never accepted their loss of political rights, humiliation or simply did not want to live in fear, wanted a democratic Hungary. Communism made everyone its own enemy.  It was enough to miss the ˝half an hour of the Free People day;˝ to tell a joke; not show enough enthusiasm; to give money to the families of the persecuted or simply to greet them; or when someone did not applaud long enough, immediately became an enemy.

The brave who stood up against the frightening terror were killed and buried in unmarked graves since the Communists even feared them dead. The Communists did everything they could to erase their memories. They accused those who fought or endangered their lives for the freedom of being spies and traitors. We do not even know the names of most of these people. Others are still burdened by the Communists´ lies, but they were heroes without equal.

Second floor